De Catch-22 van het internationale klimaatbeleid

February 2014 – The Catch-22 of International Climate Policy. In this column, I argue that to achieve meaningful outcomes of the yearly ‘COP’ international climate conferences more bottom-up support is needed. However, in order to measure and add up the outcomes of these bottom-up actions in an unequivocal way, an international agreement would be needed. Is this situation a typical catch-22? Not completely, as local initiatives can grow without any international agreement. There will arrive a moment, however, that all these initiatives will need to be categorized and judged on their contribution to solving the global problem.
Column in Internationale Spectator 64 (2),
Client: Internationale Spectator
Project timespan: January – February 2014
Download: Spectatorartikel Catch 22 van het klimaatbeleid


Sectorstudies Staal, Chemische Industrie, Cement en Aardolieverwerkende Industrie

September 2013 – Sectorstudies on Impacts of Dutch Climate Policies on the Chemical Industry, Cement Sector, Chemical Industry and Petroleum Refineries. In this project, based on previous experience with sectoral competitiveness studies, factsheets on the influence of climate policies on sectoral competitiveness in the Netherlands were produced. This was done for the steel, cement and petroleum sector as well as for the chemical industry.Triple E Consulting, Rotterdam
Client: Dutch Ministry of Environment IenM
Project timespan: April – September 2013
Download: Trinomics Rapport sectorstudies


Climate adaptation in the cacao and coffee sectors in Peru

January 2014 – The aim of the research was to assess the challenge that climate change presents to the agricultural export sector, with a focus on the coffee and cacao sectors, in Peru. The study focused on the perceptions, experiences and attitudes of rural SMEs about climate variability and risk and its effect on their business operations and overall competitiveness, as well as on the strategies used by SMEs and their suppliers to address climate change and their capacities for investing in mitigation and adaptation. Finally, it identified the needs of SMEs in order to strengthen their capacity to address the threats related to climate variability and change, as well as the related opportunities and provide recommendations for technical assistance that an agency can provide to companies to address selected trade-related climate change issues identified.
Client: United Nations International Trade Council (UN-ITC)
Project timespan: July 2013 – January 2014


The Balance of Power – Flexibility Needs and Options for the Dutch Electricity Sector

April 2015 – This project aimed to determine the needs for flexibility/balancing in the Dutch electricity system with an increasing share of renewables. In a next step, the study assessed the role of different services and products that can provide the required flexibility to the energy system based on future needs, like for instance storage and smart reactive power absorption and generation. It was concluded that capacity mechanisms in the Dutch electricity market, unlike in other European countries, for the moment do not seem necessary. Triple E Consulting, Rotterdam.
Client: TNO
Project timespan: February 2014 – April 2015
Download: Trinomics Report Balance of Power


Study on Impacts of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) on European Energy Markets and Manufacturing Industries

February 2015 – Since 2013, the European Union and the United States negotiate a controversial ‘Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership’ (TTIP). The agreement aims at economic growth and the creation of jobs on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean. Main topics include the removal of tariff and non-tariff measures such as technical and safety standards, license obligations, lengthy customs procedures, restrictions on access to public tenders and trade restrictions on products and services in a variety of fields. The study informs Members of the European Parliament’s ITRE Committee about key expected impacts of TTIP on the EU energy markets and manufacturing industries and main uncertainties. Triple E Consulting, Rotterdam.
Client: European Parliament, ITRE Committee
Project timespan: April 2014 – February 2015
Download: Trinomics TTIP Study on the website of the European Parliament

EU Energy Governance for the Future

December 2014 – In this project, an overview of EU energy governance was prepared for the ITRE Committee (Industry, Research and Energy) of the European Parliament. The document gives an insight into the institutions, policies, issues and policy interactions in practice around the three EU energy policy pillars: climate change, competitiveness and security of supply. It also gives recommendations regarding main future energy governance issues that need to be taken into account by the European Parliament. These concern improved and more integrated reporting around energy issues, recommended key contacts and discussions for the EP to be organised with relevant energy stakeholders, and streamlining of EU energy innovation research and development. Triple E Consulting, Rotterdam
Client: European Parliament, ITRE Committee
Project timespan: October 2014 – December 2014
Download: Trinomics Report EU Energy Governance

Review Topsector Energie Deelonderzoek 2: Thema’s en Governancestructuur TSE

September 2014 – Topsector Energy Programme Part 2 – Themes and Governance Structure. In the ‘Topsector Energie’ Programme of Dutch Government, public research institutions and private companies are cooperating in energy innovation. The programme is co-funded by government and the participating private partners. So far, more than 130 projects have been initiated which are clustered into 7 innovation areas or ‘Top Knowledge Institutes’ (TKIs). In the evaluation it was examined to what extent claimed interim results of the TSE as a whole and the TKIs in particular can be substantiated. It was also examined to what extent the TSE approach still fits with recent external energy developments on a global, European and Dutch level, and to what extent it fits with the overall economic comparative advantages of the Netherlands. Main findings were that projects are generally in line with the competitive strengths of the Netherlands. However, they lack coordination – which could be provided by a clear overarching vision on the role of energy innovation in the overall transition of the Netherlands towards a post-domestic-gas society. Also, a clearer division between innovation projects that can deliver CO2 reduction and employment on the short term on one hand and more fundamental innovation projects for the longer term could help to give more clarity to participants and the outside world in what the Topsector actually stands for. Triple E Consulting and CE Delft, Rotterdam/Delft
Client: Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs EZ
Project timespan: May – September 2015
Download: CE Delft & Trinomics Report Evaluatie Topsector Energie

Het wereldenergieverdrag van Ryad in 2025

June 2014 – The Ryad World Energy Treaty of 2025. This essay is a contribution to the 40-Year Jubileum Essay Collection ‘De Doorbraak van Duurzaam’ (The Breakthrough of Sustainable Energy) of the Dutch Thinktank Bezinningsgroep Energiebeleid. It discusses an the ingredients of an imaginary world energy treaty in 2025 in which all countries worldwide decide on a global energy transition towards a sustainable energy sector.
Client: Bezinningsgroep Energiebeleid
Project timespan: April – June 2014
Download: Jubileumbundel Bezinningsgroep Energie

Binnenkort is het voorbij met gas in Nederland

April 2014 – In the Near Future it is Over with Gas in the Netherlands. This article for the Dutch newspaper NRC Handelsblad discusses the nearing end of the Dutch gas reserves in relation to the earthquakes in Groningen, where the reserves are situated. It sees the earthquakes as an opportunity to accelerate the transition to a green energy sector in the Netherlands.
Client: NRC Handelsblad, 16 April 2014
Project timespan: April 2014
Download: NRC Handelsblad Artikel Gas

Economic Analysis of Shale Gas in the Netherlands

November 2013 – In this project, the economic impacts of international shale gas developments for the Netherlands, as well as the potential economic consequences of domestic exploration of shale gas were analysed. The impacts were analysed based on several gas price scenarios. Based on the analysis, several policy recommendations were given to Dutch policy makers. Triple E Consulting, Rotterdam
Client: TNO
Project timespan: August – November 2013
Download: Trinomics Report Economic Impacts of Shale Gas in the Netherlands